Fernard Leger

Fernard Leger

French artist Fernand Léger was influenced by Cubist artists Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, whose work influenced his mature abstract style. Léger was born in Argentan, France, in 1881. He originally supported himself as an architectural drafstman, and later he went on to study fine art at the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Julian in Paris. Léger served in the military during World War I, which came to influence his “mechanical” period, in which he depicted new technologies and human figures, in boldly colored, tubular style. In 1935, he had a solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. He taught at Yale during World War II, and then returned to France, where he continued to expand his ouevre, creating large-scale architectural renderings, portraits, stained-glass windows, ceramic sculptures, and set designs. The artist passed away in 1955 and, in 1960, the Musée Fernand Léger opened in Biot, France. The artist has been the subject of phosthumous retrospectives at the Museum of Modern Art, New York and the Philadelphia Museum of Art.

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