Joan Miró

Joan Miró

Joan Miró was a highly experimental Spanish artist who joined the Surrealist group in 1924. Born in Barcelona in 1893, Miró studied business and took fine art classes at La Lonja’s Escuela Superior de Artes Industriales y Bellas Artes. His works often feature biomorphic and geometric shapes, stars, moons, birds, and human figures. Throughout his career, he continuously critiqued artistic conventions and the bourgeois status quo. Miró moved to Paris in 1920, which was where he became involved with the surrealist community. Around this time, the artist began to focus primarily on abstraction, exploring various surrealist techniques including automatic drawing. Miró’s first major museum retrospective was at the Museum of Modern Art, New York in 1941, and he was the subject of many solo exhibitions until his death in 1983. Retrospective exhibitions of his work have been mounted at the Tate Modern, London, the Fundació Joan Miró, and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., among other venues.

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