Gego

Gego

Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt) was born on August 1, 1912, to a liberal Jewish banking family in Hamburg, Germany. She studied under Paul Bonatz at the University at Stuttgart, where she graduated with an architecture and engineering degree in 1938. As a student she was influenced by the innovations of the Bauhaus, a creative laboratory of design that operated for over two decades in pre-Hitler Germany. She was forced to leave Germany shortly after finishing her degree and immigrated to Venezuela in 1939. There she worked as a graphic designer and operated her own furniture workshop. She became a Venezuelan citizen in 1952 and lived there for the remainder of her life.

In 1953, Gego began to develop her artistic practice full-time. Encouraged by the support of Alejandro Otero and Jesús Rafael Soto, she began to create three-dimensional works in 1956. During these three years, Gego operated in the margins of the Venezuelan kinetic and op art movements, and continued to study mathematics, architecture, and philosophy. In 1957 Gego participated in the exhibition Arte abstracto en Venezuela and by 1959 the Museum of Modern Art in New York had begun acquiring her work. She lived in New York briefly in 1960 and made several extended visits to the United States until 1967. In New York, she attended the Pratt Institute, where she took engraving and printmaking classes. She also worked in the Tamarind Lithography Workshop in Los Angeles before returning to Venezuela in 1967. For most of her career, she worked at a home studio in Caracas, creating a prolific and varied oeuvre consisting of sculptures and works on paper. She died in Caracas on September 17, 1994.

Recent solo exhibitions of Gego’s work include Gego: Between Transparency and the Invisible, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (2005), and The Drawing Center, New York (2007); Gego: Defying Structures, Museu de Arte Contemporánea de Serralves, Porto; and Gego: Line as Object, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, and Henry Moore Institute, Leeds (2013). Her work is in the collections of, among others, The Museum of Modern Art, New York; The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston; Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Caracas; Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas; New York Public Library, New York; and Tate Modern, London.

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Selected Works

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  • Columna (Reticulárea cuadrada)
    1972
    Stainless steel fence, metallic beads, iron washers, four sinkers (weights), and nylon
    137 3/4 x 51 1/4 x 51 1/4 inches (350 x 130 x 130 cm)
    © Fundación Gego

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  • Tejedura 91/31
    1991
    Printed cardboard
    19 x 13 3/8 inches (48.4 x 33.9 cm)
    © Fundación Gego

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  • Sin título
    1964
    Ink on paper
    10 1/2 x 7 inches (26.8 x 18 cm)
    © Fundación Gego

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  • Sin título
    1958
    Ink on paper
    8 1/2 x 5 5/8 inches (21.6 x 14.3 cm)
    © Fundación Gego

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  • Reticulárea circular (gato o rosa)
    1981
    Watercolour and ink on Arches paper
    28 3/8 x 21 1/2 inches (72 x 54.5 cm)
    © Fundación Gego

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  • Dibujo sin papel
    1989
    Steel and metallic washers
    40 1/4 x 24 3/4 x 7 inches (102 x 63 x 17.7 cm)
    © Fundación Gego

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  • Dibujo sin papel 86/15
    1986
    Nylon threads, iron, and metal wire
    33 1/4 x 16 1/2 x 1 1/8 inches (84.5 x 42 x 3 cm)
    © Fundación Gego

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Video

Gego: Autobiography of a Line at Dominique Lévy London

March 22, 2017

May 25 – July 30, 2016
Dominique Lévy presents Gego: Autobiography of a Line, the second in a pair of exhibitions celebrating the legacy of German-born Venezuelan artist Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt [1912 – 1994]). Organised in collaboration with the Fundación Gego, Autobiography of a Line is the artist’s first solo exhibition in London, and includes a selection of works spanning her career. Notably, three monumental sculptures made in the 1970s, which embody the palpable sense of entropic geometry and spatial play for which Gego’s work is internationally recognised, will be on view. These sculptures find their parallel in the artist’s towering wire Chorros, which were displayed in the New York exhibition last autumn. Also in the London instalment are a selection of ink drawings on paper and late works that complicate and question the relationship between drawing and sculpture such as Dibujos sin papel (Drawings without paper), Acuarelas (Watercolours), and Tejeduras (Weavings). The exhibition includes loans from the Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona (MACBA), the Museum of Fine Arts Houston (MFAH), and the Fundación Gego.

Exhibitions

Other Exhibitions

Publications

Selected Press

NY BluePrint | Making Space: Women Artists and Postwar Abstraction

May 9, 2017

"Making Space" shines a spotlight on the stunning achievements of women artists between the end of …

The New York Times | Women at Play in the Fields of Abstraction

April 13, 2017

Funnily enough, the Museum of Modern Art has never named the long-running blockbuster show that fills …

Blouin Artinfo | Gego’s Liminal Lines at Dominique Lévy London

June 16, 2016

“Autobiography of a Line” at Dominique Lévy is the first solo exhibition in London of the German-born …

Lupita | Gego: Autobiography of a Line

June 2, 2016

La galería Dominique Lévy en Londres se complace en presentar la exposición “Gego: Autobiography …

Art + Auction | Artist Dossier: Gego

May 1, 2016

An “artists artist” in her day, the abstract sculptor is gaining a new audience

Blouin Artinfo | Gego

May 1, 2016

“I discovered the charm of the line in and of itself—the line in space as well as the line drawn …

Huffington Post | Reprising Postminimalism in 4 New York Shows: Gego, Nasreen Mohamedi, Ruth Hardinger and Kara Rooney

April 4, 2016

Four definitive exhibitions in New York during the 2015-16 season, when taken together, make a strong …

Descubrier El Arte | Gego, complejas líneas que tejen la vida

October 29, 2015

La galería Dominique Lévy recuerda la figura de la artista Germano-Venezolana Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt) …

Artnet | At Dominique Lévy, Gego Weaves Wire

October 20, 2015

One chapter in that rediscovery is playing out in a solo show now at Dominique Lévy gallery in New …

Hyperallergic | Connecting the Lines Between Gego and Sarah Sze

October 14, 2015

Gego and Sarah Sze both studied architecture and chose visual art. Sze studied painting too, though …

Forward | Gego Draws a Line at the Holocaust

October 10, 2015

The show currently on display at Dominique Lévy’s gallery on Madison Avenue in Manhattan, and devoted …

The New York Times | Review: ‘Gego: Autobiography of a Line’ Highlights a Sculptor’s Kinetic Work

October 8, 2015

This entrancing exhibition immerses you in the magic, technical genius and impeccable sensitivity …

Art News | Gego

October 7, 2015

Gego, who was born Gertrud Goldschmidt in Germany in 1912, emigrated to Venezuela in 1939, and died …

Art in America | Gego

October 2, 2015

Little seen wire sculptures, paper collages and other delicate and masterful objects by Venezuelan …

Harper's Bazaar | Gego

September 24, 2015

Gertrude Goldschmidt (1912-1994), conocida como Gego, nació en Hamburgo en el seno de una rica familia …

El Universal | Nueva York y Londres reviven a Gego

September 16, 2015

La mítica artista venezolana de origen alemán (1912-1994) suma una nueva exhibición en Manhattan, …

Bloomberg | The 10 Gallery Shows You Need to Pay Attention to This Fall

September 11, 2015

Gego, whose real name was Gertrud Goldschmidt, was born in Germany in 1912 and fled the Nazi regime …

Complot Magazine | Gego en Nueva York

September 7, 2015

A partir del 10 de septiembre de 2015 se podrá ver en la Galería Dominique Lévy en la ciudad de …

The New Yorker | Galleries Uptown

September 2, 2015

Gertrud Goldschmidt- she later compressed her name into a syncopated pseudonym-fled Germany in 1939 …

In New York | Galleries + Antiques

September 1, 2015

Abstract lines come to an apex in Gego: Autobiography of a Line, on view Sept. 10-Oct. 24, the first …

Architectural Digest | Art Shows Opening Soon in New York

August 31, 2015

German-born Venezuelan artist Gego is known for her intricate wire sculptures that expand studies …

The New York Times | Kinetic Works by the Artist Gego Are Headed for 2 Shows

July 23, 2015

“In Latin America, Gego is like a goddess, in the same way Frida Kahlo has a myth around her, but …

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