Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger

Barbara Kruger (born 1945 in Newark, New Jersey), has been working with images from the media since the early 1970s, when she held a job as a graphic designer for Condé Nast. In 1978 she began to work with photographs and texts; initially, words and images were kept separate, but the artist gradually began superimposing the words over the found images in order to examine, by appropriation, the language and stereotypes that represent various power structures. By culling images from photographic annuals, instruction manuals, and magazines, she eliminates the presence of the artist’s hand from the act of making art. Further, she explicitly implicates the presence of the viewer through her use of personal pronouns (I, we, you) and third person pronouns (they), alternating between the individual and the collective to achieve a specific political statement. Kruger has been the subject of solo exhibitions at several institutions including the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (1999), which traveled to the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, the Institute of Contemporary Arts, London (1983), and the Moderna Museet, Stockholm (2008). Works by the artist may be found in the collections of the Museum of Modern Art, New York; the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; the Tate Modern, London; and the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.

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